Tae kwon do terminology is based on the korean languauge. Although some words were developed specifically for tae kwon-do, and do not otherwise appear in the korean vocabulary. Using these terms enable students to train anywhere in the world, over-riding all languauge difficulties. (Students - Please note that the korean terminogly is not compulsory for gradings)
General Korean Terms
English Korean
Training Hall Dojang
Training Suit Dobok
Instructor Sabum
Belt Ti
Student Jeja
Commands
Attention Charyot
Bow Kyong-Ye
Ready Chunbi
Return To Ready Stance Barrol
Counting
One Hanna
Two Dool
Three Seth
Four Neth
Five Dasaul
Six Yosaul
Seven Ilgop
Eight Yodoll
Nine Ahop
Ten Yoll
Hand Parts
Fore Fist Ap Joomuk
Back First Dung Joomuk
Side Fist Yop Joomuk
Knuckle Fist Songarak Joomuk
Knife Hand Sonkal
Reverse Knife Hand Sonkal Dung
Arc Hand Bandalson
Back Hand Sondung
Fingertip Sonkut
Fingerbelly Songarak Badak
Palm Sonbadak
Elbow Palkup
Forearm Palmok
Foot Parts
Ball of Foot Apkumchi
Footsword (edge of foot) Balkal
Heel Dwitchook
Knee Moorup
Sparring
3 Step Sambo Matsoki
2 Step Ibo Matsoki
1 Step Ilbo Matsoki
Semi-Free Ban Tayoo Matsoki
Free Jayoo Matsoki
Foo Jokgi Matsoki
4 Directional Punching Sarji Jirugi
Section (Dungboon)
High Nopunde
Middle Kaunde
Low Najunde
Front Ap
Side Yop
Back Dwit
Flying Twimyo
Stance (Sogi)
Parallel Narani
Walking Gunnun
Pararllel Ready Narani Chumbi
L Niunja
X Kyocha
One Leg Waebel
Bending A & B Guburyo
Vertical Soojik
Diagonal Sasun
Fixed Gojung
Rear Foot Dwit Bal
Low Nachuo
Closed Moa
Punching (Jirugi)
Obverse Baro
Reverse Bandae
Side Yop
Vertical Sewo
Upward Ollyo
Upset Dwijibo
Downward Naeryo
Cresent Bandal
U Shape Digutja
Turning Dollyo
Horizontal Soopyong
Knuckle Fist Songarak Joomuk
Elbow (Palkup)
Back Dwit
Side Yop
Double Side Jau
Straight Sun
Upper Wi
Front Ap
High Nopunde
Blocking (Makgi)
High Nopunde
Middle Kaunde
Low Najunde
Inward Anuro
Outward Bakuro
Outside Bakat
Inside An
Rising Chookyo
Double Forearm Doo Palmok
X Fist Gyocha Joomuk
X Knife Hand Gyocha Sonkal
Upward Ollyo
Downward Naeryo
Pressing Noollo
Hooking Golcho
Wedging Hechyo
Pushing Miro
Scooping Duro
Guarding Daebi
Twin Forearm Sang Palmok
Circular Dolli Myo
Nine Shape Gutja
Double Arc Hand Doobandalson
U Shape Mong Dung-I
Waist Hori
Kick (Chagi)
Foot Techniques Jok Gi
Turning Dollyo
Side Yop
Front Ap
Downward Naeryo
Reverse Turning Bandae Dollyo
Reverse Hooking Bandae Dollyo Goro
Twisting Bituro
Vertical Sewo
Flying Twimyo
Flying Side Piercing Twimyo Yopcha Jirugi
Flying Front Twimyo Ap
Flying Turning Twimyo Dollyo
Flying reverse Twimyo Bandae Dollyo
Flying High Twimyo Nopi
Flying Twisting Twimyo Bituro
Cresent Bandal
Checking Cha Mum
Hooking Golcha
Sweeping Goro Goro
Side Piercing Yop Cha Jirugi
Side Thrusting Yop Cha Tulgi
Back Piercing Dwicha Jirugi
Front Snap Apcha Busigi
Stamping Cha Bapgi
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